The principal objective of this project was to
strengthen the theoretical foundation for sustainable waste
management by developing a conceptual framework for mapping
resource flows through the urban environment and applying this
to selected illustrative case studies. In the project a suite of
models were developed that together form a framework for
understanding the social ecology of resource and waste flows,
and mapping them through the urban environment. The models are:
Local Area Resource Analysis (LARA) model – a
highly socio-economically disaggregated model to estimate
household resource use and waste arisings in small geographical
areas. LARA forms the basis of the AR-Gini, an area-based
indicator of resource inequalities, that also has been developed
in Project 1.
Business Waste Mapping model –geographical mapping
of business waste arisings by type of waste and business sector.
Waste Input-Output model – a model that estimates
upstream wastes that arise as a result of household expenditure.
The model covers 122 business sectors and differentiates between
different types of commercial and industrial wastes.
specific study was carried out concerning textile waste. This
study examined four areas within the London Borough of
Hammersmith & Fulham to estimate rates of textile recycling, the
barriers and motivators that influence textile recycling, and to
identify links between textile recycling and levels of
deprivation. The study also compared reported quantities of
textile recycling with results obtained from LARA.
study focused on the challenges of estimating resource flows in
deprived inner-city housing estates, which are generally
under-represented in national surveys. In this study results
from LARA (a top-down approach) were compared with a bottom-up
approach in which a small sample of household expenditure
diaries were collected, augmented by a variety of qualitative
techniques to gain a detailed picture of household practices.
- Alexander, C., A. Druckman, T. Jackson
and C. Osinski (forthcoming). "Estimations of household
material flows in deprived areas." Proceedings of the
Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource
Management (in press)
- Bradley, P., C. Thomas, A. Druckman
and T. Jackson (2009). "Accounting
for Waste: comparative analysis within the UK”.
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and
Resource Management, 162(1): 5:13
- Druckman, A. and T. Jackson (2008). "Household
energy consumption in the UK: a highly geographically and
socio-economically disaggregated model." Energy Policy
- Druckman, A. and T. Jackson (2008). "Measuring
resource inequalities: development and application of an
area-based Gini coefficient." Ecological Economics,
- Druckman, A., P. Bradley, E.
Papathanasopoulou and T. Jackson (2008). "Measuring
Progress towards Carbon Reduction in the UK." Ecological
Economics, 66(4): 594-604.
- Druckman, A., P. Sinclair and T.
Jackson (2008). "A
geographically and socio-economically disaggregated local
household consumption model for the UK." Journal of
Cleaner Production 16(7): 870-880.
A., Bradley, P., Jackson, T., Banks, C., Maycox, A., Khan,
T., Thomas, C., Yoxon, M. (2008) Waste and Resource Mapping.
Chartered Institution of Wastes Management (CIWM) Waste
Symposium. Paignton, UK. 10-13 June.
A., Bradley, P., Jackson, T. (2008) Waste and Resource
Mapping. Strategies and Technologies for Sustainable Urban
Waste Management Symposium. Mayfair Conference Centre,
London. April 21 2008.
P., T. Jackson, A. Druckman and E. Papathanasopoulou (2007).
Attributing Upstream (Process) Wastes to Household
Consumption Activities - a case study for selected waste
streams of the UK; 1995 and 2004. 11th European Roundtable
on Sustainable Consumption and Production., Basel,
Switzerland. 20-22 June 2007.
P., A. Druckman, E. Papathanasopoulou, P. Sinclair and T.
Jackson (2006). Attributing Waste to Household Functional
Use - a pilot framework and case application for the UK. 9th
Biennial Conference of the International Society for
Ecological Economics (ISEE) December 15 - 19 2006, Delhi,
A., P. Sinclair and T. Jackson (2006). Household resource
usage and its drivers: a highly socio-economically
disaggregated model. International Sociological Association
for the XVI World Congress, Durban, South Africa.
A., P. Sinclair and T. Jackson (2005). A geographically and
socio-economically disaggregated local household consumption
model for the UK. 10th European Roundtable on Sustainable
Consumption and Production, Antwerp, Belgium, 5-7 October
- Munnelly, E. (2007). Glamorous
garbage? Barriers and motivators to textile recycling in the
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. MSc Dissertation.
Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey.
For more information: please contact
Dr Angela Druckman
Further relevant developments
Although this SUE Waste Consortium has now finished
Angela Druckman and
Peter Bradley are continuing to carry out further relevant