Consortium Project 1

Industrial and Social Ecology of Urban Resource Flows

Project Coordinator:

Prof. Tim Jackson, Centre for Environmental Strategy,

University of Surrey

Project Partners:

University of Surrey



The principal objective of this project was to strengthen the theoretical foundation for sustainable waste management by developing a conceptual framework for mapping resource flows through the urban environment and applying this to selected illustrative case studies. In the project a suite of models were developed that together form a framework for understanding the social ecology of resource and waste flows, and mapping them through the urban environment. The models are:

·         Local Area Resource Analysis (LARA) model – a highly socio-economically disaggregated model to estimate household resource use and waste arisings in small geographical areas. LARA forms the basis of the AR-Gini, an area-based indicator of resource inequalities, that also has been developed in Project 1.

·         Business Waste Mapping model –geographical mapping of business waste arisings by type of waste and business sector. 

·         Waste Input-Output model – a model that estimates upstream wastes that arise as a result of household expenditure. The model covers 122 business sectors and differentiates between different types of commercial and industrial wastes. 

 Additionally, a specific study was carried out concerning textile waste. This study examined four areas within the London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham to estimate rates of textile recycling, the barriers and motivators that influence textile recycling, and to identify links between textile recycling and levels of deprivation. The study also compared reported quantities of textile recycling with results obtained from LARA.

 A further study focused on the challenges of estimating resource flows in deprived inner-city housing estates, which are generally under-represented in national surveys.  In this study results from LARA (a top-down approach) were compared with a bottom-up approach in which a small sample of household expenditure diaries were collected, augmented by a variety of qualitative techniques to gain a detailed picture of household practices.

Relevant Publications

Journal Papers

Working Papers

Conference Papers

  • Druckman, A., Bradley, P., Jackson, T., Banks, C., Maycox, A., Khan, T., Thomas, C., Yoxon, M. (2008) Waste and Resource Mapping. Chartered Institution of Wastes Management (CIWM) Waste Symposium. Paignton, UK. 10-13 June.
  • Druckman, A., Bradley, P., Jackson, T. (2008) Waste and Resource Mapping. Strategies and Technologies for Sustainable Urban Waste Management Symposium. Mayfair Conference Centre, London. April 21 2008.
  • Bradley, P., T. Jackson, A. Druckman and E. Papathanasopoulou (2007). Attributing Upstream (Process) Wastes to Household Consumption Activities - a case study for selected waste streams of the UK; 1995 and 2004. 11th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production., Basel, Switzerland. 20-22 June 2007.
  • Bradley, P., A. Druckman, E. Papathanasopoulou, P. Sinclair and T. Jackson (2006). Attributing Waste to Household Functional Use - a pilot framework and case application for the UK. 9th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) December 15 - 19 2006, Delhi, India.
  • Druckman, A., P. Sinclair and T. Jackson (2006). Household resource usage and its drivers: a highly socio-economically disaggregated model. International Sociological Association for the XVI World Congress, Durban, South Africa.
  • Druckman, A., P. Sinclair and T. Jackson (2005). A geographically and socio-economically disaggregated local household consumption model for the UK. 10th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production, Antwerp, Belgium, 5-7 October 2005.


  • Munnelly, E. (2007). Glamorous garbage? Barriers and motivators to textile recycling in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. MSc Dissertation. Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Surrey.

For more information: please contact Dr Angela Druckman

Further relevant developments

Although this SUE Waste Consortium has now finished Tim Jackson, Angela Druckman and Peter Bradley are continuing to carry out further relevant work. 


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